Account Reconciliation: Example, Types, Process, Best Practices

reconciliation in accounting

F&A leadership can have a significant impact by creating sustainable, scalable processes that can support the business before, during, and long after the IPO. This company-wide effort crosses multiple functional areas and is reinforced by critical project management and a strong technology infrastructure. F&A teams have embraced their expanding roles, but unprecedented demand for their time coupled with traditional manual processes make it difficult for F&A to execute effectively. The path from traditional to modern accounting is different for every organization.

  • The first entry records a debit to the cash account and a credit to the bank reconciliation account.
  • At the end of an accounting period, you need to account for those fees paid to payment providers.
  • These reconciliations are usually done as part of a continuous close process, or they may involve accounts with high volume or sensitive activity.
  • What can you do to redesign a process that is auditable for both the agency and Treasury?
  • If the records don’t match, finance experts can investigate to find the reason and make changes where necessary.

Few business owners, however, would love to perform the account reconciliation process. If a record is lost, you’re in trouble because fixing it can take time and effort. So, businesses rely on professionals to take care of account reconciliation. Even with modern accounting, as everyone uses software and there’s no need to compare records manually, reconciliation remains one of the most sensitive processes delegated to accountants. If left to build up for too long, errors and discrepancies can build up and may start to impact your business and cash flow. Consider how high your transaction volume is and find a reasonable medium that strikes a balance between being practical and taking over your time.

Disadvantages of a Reconciliation

But at the same time, the process is transparent and clearly justified for everyone involved. Getting accurate records is one of the most important steps that affects your future reconciliations. Neglecting this essential step leaves your company’s finances open to manipulation and potential fraud.

Create, review, and approve journals, then electronically certify, post them to and store them with all supporting documentation. Automatically create, populate, and post journals to your ERP based on your rules. Drive visibility, accountability, and control across every accounting checklist. Data reconciliation is a must-do process when dealing with data and gaining insights from it.

reconciliation in accounting

Deposits in transit are amounts that are received and recorded by the business but are not yet recorded by the bank. To do this, a reconciliation statement known as the bank reconciliation statement is prepared. Companies often pay some expenses or for some purchases in advance, especially when they are regular. However, accounts need to be reconciled to ensure that goods or services were received or delivered as per the contract. Reconciliation at this time also helps evaluate if the expense needs to be continued or not.


More than 4,200 companies of all sizes, across all industries, trust BlackLine to help them modernize their financial close, accounts receivable, and intercompany accounting processes. Working capital, cash flows, collections opportunities, and other critical metrics depend on timely and accurate processes. Ensure services revenue has been accurately recorded and related payments are reflected properly on the balance sheet. Xero’s online accounting software provides a real-time look at your cash flow. With features like bank reconciliation, tracking inventory, and paying bills, it is useful for mid to large-sized businesses. As you know, account reconciliation, bank statement reconciliation, general ledger reconciliation, and all other types of reconciliation can become time-consuming.

Consequently, you may overestimate your cash flow and increase the cost of future adjustments. The reconciliation of accounts is one of the more typical types of reconciliation. When many sources of records and transactions exist, this process ensures that all of a company’s accounts are balanced correctly. It is essential to do this when multiple accounts exist for the same transaction. When an account is reconciled, the transactions on the bank’s statement and the records kept by the account holder should be the same. When managing a checking account, it is essential to consider any pending deposits or checks that are still outstanding.

reconciliation in accounting

This type of reconciliation happens when a parent company unifies all the general ledgers of its subsidiaries to eliminate intercompany flows and minimize bank transaction fees. This process helps identify inconsistencies between subsidiaries and unrecorded transactions or balances on the books of group companies. Reconciliations should be performed frequently to ensure the accuracy and integrity of financial records, as they are a vital component of sound accounting processes.

Reconciliation in Accounting: Meaning, Purpose, and Practices – FAQs

Accounts receivable is the amount that your customers owe you for the goods sold or services provided. You will need to give special importance to reconciling accounts receivables to ensure steady cash flow and good customer relations to name just a few reasons. You will need to check the bank and ledger balances to ensure that there are no short payments, deductions, disputes, and to stop credit facility for defaulting customers. Because the balances of asset, liability and equity accounts are carried forward each year, account reconciliation is required. During reconciliation, you should verify the transactions documented in an internal record-keeping account to an external monthly report from providers such as banks and credit card providers. Account reconciliation is a common practice in stable financial situations.

The heart of the reconciliation software is the ability to collect and compare records. You can input the type of matching rules and thresholds you’re willing to accept based on your organisation’s reconciliation policies. Before we get into the account reconciliation process, let’s back up and think about the who, what, and when of the reconciliation workflow. Whilst there is no prerequisite for most businesses to reconcile regularly, doing so is a good habit as it will mean that business and financial information is up to date. Additionally, reconciling regularly will make it easy to spot and explain any reconciling transactions or errors.

Global E-Invoicing and Payment Software

Unfortunately, refunds are quite frequent in e-commerce, and it’s reasonably important to record them accurately. Reconciliation tasks include balance checking, identifying duplicate entries, and correcting mistakes where necessary. These routines may feel like a lot of work, but they help keep the accounts neat so that we’re how to become a certified woman able to see clearly how a business performs. Usually, you reconcile your books at the end of the accounting period to ensure the general ledger balance is complete and accurate. It’s advisable to consult with a financial professional to advise on the appropriate journal entries for your bank reconciliation adjustments.

It involves reviewing each individual transaction to see if the amount captured matches the actual amount spent. Documentation review tends to be more accurate because it’s based on real information instead of estimates. This refers to any additional reconciliations a company needs to make based on particular needs. For example, businesses with a field sales team might reconcile employee expenses payable with individual expense reports. That’s why many organizations turn to accounting software to handle this so they can instead focus on more strategic priorities. Although businesses can execute the reconciliation procedure whenever they see fit, most choose to do it once a month after the company’s financial close.

The pressure of SOX is coupled with the perennial need to mitigate erroneous reconciliation in the process. In general, reconciling bank statements can help you identify any unusual transactions that might be caused by fraud or accounting errors. Your first step to prepare for a thorough account reconciliation is to compare your internal account register to your bank statement. Go through and check off each payment and deposit on your register that matches the statement. Make a note of all transactions on your bank statement for which you don’t have any other evidence, such as a payment receipt or check stub.

Aside from ERP systems, standalone Excel spreadsheets have played a dominant role with accounting and FP&A professionals for more than three decades. Based on survey data, about two thirds of finance professionals still rely heavily on standalone spreadsheets for accounting processes. Even financial close management and FP&A software with “Excel-like” interfaces have been unable to dethrone these standalone spreadsheets. Today’s modern accounting, enterprise resource planning (ERP) and GL systems have built-in controls to prevent unbalanced journal entries from being posted to the general ledger.

Account reconciliation is useful to external auditors, who require the process and review records when assessing a public company’s internal controls environment, as set forth by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Access the internal source of data being reviewed (i.e. the bank ledger account on your accounting software) and compare it against the external document it is being compared against (i.e. bank statement). Confirm that the opening balance on the former agrees to the closing balance on the latter. Some businesses with a high volume or those that work in industries where the risk of fraud is high may reconcile their bank statements more often (sometimes even daily).

Similarly, when a business receives an invoice, it credits the amount of the invoice to accounts payable (on the balance sheet) and debits an expense (on the income statement) for the same amount. When the company pays the bill, it debits accounts payable and credits the cash account. Again, the left (debit) and right (credit) sides of the journal entry should agree, reconciling to zero. If the two sets of records (in this case, your spreadsheet and bank statements) match, your account is considered reconciled. If not, you’ll need to do some digging to understand where the discrepancy occurred. Perhaps you forgot to record the amount left as a tip on a restaurant transaction, or maybe you were double-billed for something unexpectedly.

Other reconciliations turn non-GAAP measures, such as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA), into their GAAP-approved counterparts. Some reconciliations are necessary to ensure that cash inflows and outflows concur between the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. Using a double-entry accounting system, as shown below, she credits cash for $2,000 and debits her assets, which is the equipment, by the same amount. For her first job, she credits $500 in revenue and debits the same amount for accounts receivable. Reconciliation is an accounting procedure that compares two sets of records to check that the figures are correct and in agreement.